World War 2 Timeline 2nd Half Of Findley Chapter 10

1931
•Japanese thrust into China
1937
•Japanese army over ran the Chinese capital of Nanjing (Nanking) –
“Rape of Nanking”

1939:
nuclear physics-atomic capabilities for U.S.
Manhattan Project: created first entirely automated plant, cost $1.2 billion
•Roosevelt proclaimed U.S. neutrality

1940:
Beginning of statistical study of war (operations research)-depersonalization of war
•In the Fall Roosevelt traded Churchill 50 obsolescent U.S. destroyers for a 99 year lease to help the British armies 6 bases escort of Atlantic convoys
•German-Japanese pact signed
•President Roosevelt placed an embargo on scrap iron and weapons for Japan

1941:
Britain kicks Italy out of Ethiopia
•American interest was polled concerning issues in Asia and the results favored staying out of the war
•In July Roosevelt extended the embargo on items going to Japan to include oil and steel as a result of Japanese seize of French Indochina
•December 7th U.S. Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan

1943:
•Surrender of Philippines due to American and Filipino resistance

1943:
July-US and Britain invade Sicily
Mussolini kicked out of office and arrested
September-Italy surrenders to Allies
DDT pesticide and penicillin mass produced

1944:
Tehran Conference: Big Three set date for the cross-Channel invasion of France
June-6: Operation Overlord aka D-DAY!
June- More American tropps than British soldiers fighting Hitler: Churchill is "junior partner"
RAF adopts policy of "precision bombing"
RAF air raid on Hamburg

1945:
March-10: General LeMay's air raid of Tokyo. 125,000 people dead or wounded.
April-Hitler kills himself
Germany surrenders
August-6: Atomic bomb on Hiroshima
-9: Atomic bomb on Nagasaki
-15: Japan surrenders. Signifies end of World War II.
U.S. production increased 4X
Aerial bomb becomes part of U.S. defense plan
Arms Race, military emphasis: U.S. and USSR
Migration to America from Europe, economic growth
July-Labour party defeats Churchill's conservatives
Feb-Yalta Conference, discussion of free elections after war
Roosevelt optimistic about cooperation with STalin

1946:
*America grants independence to Philippine dependents

  • U.S. agents encourage Ho Chi Minh and Indochinese nationalists to reists reimposition of French rule

1948:

  • British surrender of formal power in Burma

1949:

  • Dutch colonialism ended

1950:

  • U.S. reversal of anti-colonial pressure

1955:

  • Soviets withdraw from Austria

1957:

  • British surrender power in Malaya

After 1957:

  • British surrender power in much of Sub-Saharan Africa

1946-1954:France fights to hold Indochina (fails)

1954-1962: France fights to hold Algeria (fails)

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