United States foreign policy in Latin America

9. United States foreign policy in Latin America, 1898 to 1945

Background of United States policy

The Monroe Doctrine and its redefinitions

Establishment of spheres of influence, Spanish–American War, the big stick, Dollar


Good Neighbor Policy and wartime alliances, Franklin D Roosevelt

Central America, including Panama, Nicaragua and Cuba

See Chapter 18 “America Claims an Empire”


Previous “US Foreign Policy in Latin America, 1895 to 1945” questions

For what reasons, and with what results, did the United States intervene in Latin America in the period 1898 to 1932?

To what extent was the United States foreign policy toward Latin America, in the period 1890 to1914, ‘principally guided by economic motives’? Support your views with specific examples.

Evaluate the changes in the United States policy towards Latin America from 1898 to 1941.

With reference to two countries in the region analyze the reasons for, and the effects of, the Good Neighbor Policy of the United States.

Analyze the key developments of United States policy in Latin America in the period 1898 to 1936.

The Spanish-American War of 1898 was a turning point in relations between the

United States and Latin America. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

“The main aim of Franklin Roosevelt’s policy towards Latin America (1933-45) was to improve relations between the two regions.” Assess the validity of this statement.

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