Paper 3

24. Compare and contrast the progress made by women since 1945 in two countries in the region

1. Intro
a. Since world war II, women’s roles in not only the workplace have changed drastically.
b. In the united states, women’s roles changed to allow them to pursue different jobs and to take on a different role than ever before.
c. Argentina
2. US
a. After men went off to be in the armed forces, women were allowed to take many of their jobs which showed that women could do work that was not even considered before.
b. Removal of economic and social pressures keeping them from persuing other ways of life
c. Advent of the birth control pill allowed women to climb higher in business than ever before as they were allowed to control when they had children
d. “pink collar” workforce
3. Argentina
a. Throughout latin America rights for women was more a goal than a reality
b. Perόn was elected three times as president of argentina and his second wife, eVA Duarte helped him to fight for women’s rights
c. Duarte fought for women’s rights until she died in 1952
d. The feminist movement was ultimately crushed in the 1976 coup
e. there is an increasing awareness of the necessity of integrating women into social, economic, and political life
f. the prevailing attitudes of women being home makers stunted women’s societal growth
4. Conclusion
a. While both countries show that women have come a long way since 1945, it is clear that the woman from the US has more rights and opportunities while the woman from Argentina is still working to gain these.

Women's lives in the U.S and Chile after 1945
Thesis: For women living in the United States during the years following 1945 and World War II, many economic opportunities arose, giving them new jobs and more say in their everyday lives. Likewise, the women of Chile were also given a say in things like politics, however they were still supressed to some extent compared to the United States women.

Women in the U.S
- After their husbands left for battle during WWII, many women took over jobs in the factories and cities instead of staying at home. This was the turning point for working women. Even after the war, women pushed for equality at home and at the workplace, which changed the role of women in society greatly.
- The women were encouraged to save up on supplies and resources, like rubber, to help boost the amount of war materials sent overseas.
- Propaganda was a big motivation for the wives and encouraged them to keep working to support the men that were risking their lives in war.
- The number of women who were married increased
- The number of babies being born without married parents also increased.
- They still had some unequalities in the workforce, like lesser wages and many forms of harrassment at the workplace
- Though there weren't as many men working, those that did still recieved better pay and an easier time than their women coworkers.

Women in Chile
- After 1945, women in Chile were invited into political parties; however, though they thought they were being given a say in governmental issues, many of their ideas were being suppressed and not given a chance.
- The progress for women in Latin America was much slower than that in North America
- Women were given some job opportunities, but they had much more success simply working in the fields mainly dominated by the females, those around the household and in jobs such as teaching in schools.

TJ
American women
Rosie the Riveter
After 1920 received the right to vote
1963 The Equal Pay Act is passed by Congress, promising equitable wages for the same work, regardless of the race, color, religion, national origin or sex of the worker.
1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act passes including a prohibition against employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex.
1972 Title IX (Public Law 92-318) of the Education Amendments prohibits sex discrimination in all aspects of education programs that receive federal support.

German women
- Women’s initial role in German society was to tend to children, church, kitchen, and sometimes clothes.
- Throughout the 20th century, they gradually won victory
- 1919 they receive the right to vote, they assumed positions traditionally held by men
- After WWII German women helped to rebuild wartorn Germany
- Women tended the wounded, buried the dead

Emma Bogdan - 24. Compare and contrast the progress made by women since 1945 in two countries in the region.

Background:
- Women’s roles in society have drastically changed through WWI and continued to improve or change during WWII
- As women were receiving more jobs and opportunities, they were also receiving more rights
- Since men had to go fight the war, the women had to take on their husbands’ jobs and became used to hard labor

I. United States – Role of women as it progressed after 1945
- “Rosie the Riveter” – women handles household chores and still possessed a job in the industry
- Development of wartime economy gave women an advantage and chance to prosper and achieve more freedom
- Discrimination in the work place was minimal
- During WWII, over 6 million women took wartime jobs in factories or filling in for men on farms, 3 million women volunteered with the Red Cross, and over 200,000 women served the military
- The female labor force grew by 6.5 million.
- In 1945, women comprised 36.1 percent of the civilian labor force.
- The percentage of married women working outside the home increased from 13.9 to 22.5.

II. Chile – Role of women as it progressed after 1945
- voting right was granted in 1949 to women
- progress of women in Chile occurred at a much slower rate than in the United States
- strong feminist movements and women were accepted into politics
- December 1948 – congress approved bill that extended full political rights to Chilean women
- Margot Duhalde, the 19-year-old from Chile, the first woman to get a commercial pilot’s licence there

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