Multiple Choice Questions

Alrighty then everyone here is the page for multiple choice questions. Please make sure your questions go under the correct heading and try to follow the examples in terms of bulleting, formatting, etcetera (or at least follow some general coherent order). Type your name next to the questions you create.


Germany was angered at Wilson in regards to the treaty of Versailles because:
a. Wilson gave concessions to forward his League agenda
b. Wilson was a traditionalist
c. Germans are irritable
d. Wilson insulted the Kaiser

What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
a. lower tariffs
b. to gain better control of colonies
c. collective security
d. protection from Brazilian terrorists
e. raise food quality standards

What empire disbanded During WW1:
a. Latvian Empire
b. Belgian Empire
c. Romanov Empire
d. Portuguese Empire
e. Spanish Empire

What was implemented to let large countries maintain control of colonies?
a. Breast-Litovsk Pact
b. Empirical Act
c. Belgian Resolution
d. Mandate System
e. Ethiopia Policy

Why wasn’t the League of Nations passed by the US congress?
a. the treaty infringed on US sovereignty
b. US preferred isolationism
c. Republican and Democratic feud
d. All of the above

I.The Aims and Goals of the Participants and Peacemakers (p.16-25)

• Japan wanted to gain everything from the following through the Paris Peace Talks except: (George)

  1. recognition of its dominant position in China
  2. posession of former German holdings in China and the Pacific
  3. a place among the major powers
  4. self-determination for all nations
  • What revolution threatened the political and philosophical aspect of Western civilization? (Deja)
  1. Communist
  2. Bolshevism
  3. Leftist
  4. Canadian
  • What term did Germany use to describe the Versailles Treaty? (Morgan)

A. Pealpolitic
B. Danke
C. Nein
D. Diktat

Which of the following affected the negotiations at Versailles? (Matthew)
I. Public Opinion (for all of the influential leaders)
II. Mass Media
III. Pragmatic, concrete questions
A. I only
B. III Only
C. I and II
D. I, II, and III

Which one of the following was not an aim of the British after World War 1? (Matthew)
A. Isolationism
B. The Recovery of Alsace-Lorraine by France
C. Granting self-determination to all of its colonies
D. End of the German Empire

The nation which most wanted to handicap and weaken Germany during the Paris Peace Conferences was (Allie)
B-United States
(pg 21)

Which of the following was not an outside pressure on the delegates at the Versailles Conference? (Kerry)
A - The collapse of the Ottoman empire
B - Mass meadia in the United States
C - Bolshevik Revolution
D - The Open Door Trading policy
E - Wilson's desire for world-wide democracy

  • What two countries signed the Rapallo Treaty?

A. Germany and Romania
B. Britain and France
C. Russia and Germany
D. U.S.A and Russia

  • The entirely new phenomenon embraced at international conference is _ which used delegates to make decision.(Deja)
  1. Realpolitik
  2. Bolshevism
  3. Idealism
  4. League of Nations
  • Japan wanted recognition for its possession of German territory in . (Deja)
  1. Africa
  2. Australia
  3. China
  4. South America
  • What three countries were mainly involved in the naval race? (Morgan)

A. Britain, America, and Japan
B. Russia, Germany and Britain
C. Yugoslavia, Hungary and America
D. China, Britain and Spain

  • The theme of Wilson's speech of January 1917 was and based on the terms Germany asked for an ___ in October 1918? (Deja)
  1. "Guarantee of Peace"; armistice
  2. "No Victory"; armistice
  3. "Peace without Victory"; armistice
  4. "No Victory"; co-operation

*Which of the following was not an aim of the United Kingdom at the Versailles Conference? (Hannah Wichmann)
(pg. 19-22)
a) elimination of the German fleet
b) a return to normal European relations and trade
c) creation of a puppet state on the Rhine
d) extensive reparations
e) declaration of German war guilt

Europeans wanted specific alliances instead of… (Kerry)
A - The League of Nations
B - Collective Security
C - Nothing
D - Secret alliances
E - an agreement of isolationism

*What was Italy's primary aim at the Paris Peace Conference? (Gabbie)
A-Upholding the principle of self-determination
B-Reparations from Germany
C-The disarming of Germany
D-Territory acquisition

II. The Terms of the Paris Peace Treaties (p.25-31)

• Which delegate to the Paris Peace Conference described the end result as a "Carthaginian Peace?" (George)

  1. Woodrow Wilson
  2. John Maynard Keynes
  3. Georges Clemenceau
  4. David Lloyd George

Who was blamed for World War I in the Versailles Treaty with the war-guilt clause? (Allie)
E-The U.S.
(pg 26)

John Maynard Kenes's attack on the Versailles Treaty was particularly convincing to (Allie)
A- Woodrow Wilson
B-David Lloyd George
C-Georges Clemenceau
D-Herr Hirsch
E-Josef Stalin
(Pg 28)

Which of these was an agreement between the USSR and Germany that allowed Germany to politically maneuver out of agreements it made with the allied nations after WWI? (Alexander Hoare)
(A) Rapallo
(D) Versailles Treaty

  • What major difference is there between Traditional alliances and Collective Security (Morgan)

A. Alliances made b/t countries w/ similar interests; help defend countries regardless of national , political and economic interests
B. involves weapons; diplomatic approach
C. use of military force; conferences b/t nations
D. Has to involve three or more countries; only needs two countries involved
All of the major decisions of the Paris peace settlements were made by the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Italy. These countries became known as the: (Maya)
A. The League of Nations
B. The Axis Powers
C. The Council of Four
D. Bolsheviks

Who was the prominent British Economist who wrote a book condemning the Versailles settlement as too punitive toward Germany? (Maya)
A. David Lord George
B. John Maynard Keyes
C. Charles Dawes
D. Henry Cabot Lodge

  • How did France try to make it more difficult for Germany to invade in the future? (Morgan)

A. Make Germany give reparations in timber every month
B. Create buffer nations from the old Austrio-Hungarian Empire
C. Sign a treaty with Russia to attck Germany
D. Occupy the Ruhr

Which of the following was NOT an aspect of the St. Germain treaty? (Lucy)
A. Slovenia, Bosnia, Dalmatia given to Yugoslavia
B. Czechoslovakia set up
C. Bulgaria loses territory to Romania
D. Austria does not integrate with Germany
E. Galicia given to Poland

What part of the Versailles Treaty did U.S. congress not like?
A. Article IX
B. Article X
C. Article V.
D. Emancipation Proclamation
E, Mandate system

III. The Impact of the Treaties: Europe and the Mandate System (p.32-41)

• The First World War resulted in all of the following except (Mahalia Ashraf):
(A) The introduction of new weapons of mass destruction
(B) Changes in the political landscape of the French, Russian, and German empires
(C) The death of millions of people in the Middle East and Europe
(D) Women in western societies receiving the right to vote.

• In practice, the principle of self-determination was violated in a number of cases. In which of the following was the principle upheld? -p. 35 (Diem-Anh Vo)
a) the Polish Corridor
b) Germany
c) the South Tyrol
d) the Sudetenland
e) Romania

Which of these nations was not a member of the Little Entente? (Allie)
E-None of the above
(Pg 37)

• The Little Entente, an alliance of countries was formed in 1921, with the purpose of:(Mahalia Ashraf)
(A) Protecting the members from the irredentist claims of Romania
(B) Spreading Bolshevik regime.
(C) Protecting the members from the claims of Hungary.
(D) Revising the territorial claims of Versailles.

  • Which of the following major changes occurred during the First World War? (Hannah Wichmann)

(pg. 32-34)
* i. women in many Western countries received the vote as a result of their contributions to the war effort
* ii. atomic weapons began to replace earlier armaments such as poison gas and machine guns
* iii. Bolshevism took over Russia, introducing a whole new challenge to Western ideology
* iv. mass media began to be used as an instrument of government propaganda
a) i
b) ii and iii
c) i and iv
d) i, ii, and iv
e) i, iii, and iv

• Which of the following was not an issue in determining the new boundaries of territories created in the Treaty of Versailles? (Hannah Wichmann)
(pg. 34-36)
a) maintaining racial groups
b) maintaining linguistic groups
c) ensuring that each nation had adequate access to natural resources
d) making sure that minority groups had protection from discrimination and/or persecution
e) ensuring that each new nation had the necessary political alliances to guarantee its safety

  • Which of the following statements regarding the mandate system is false? (Hannah Wichmann)

(pg. 40-41)
a) the administration of these territories would be supervised by the League of Nations
b) the territories were evenly distributed among the Allied powers
c) the ostentatious purpose of the mandate system was the well-being and development of the people in the territories
d) it included three classes of mandates, which divided the territories depending on their degree of development and their predicted readiness for independence
e) it resulted in a Middle Eastern controversy over the legitimacy of British and French claims to the region

• Which of the following was not a controversy created by the mandate system? -p. 40-1 (Diem-Anh Vo)
a) slavery occurred in these territories
b) the British decision to proceed with the Balfour Declaration of 1917
c) the mandate system's function as a thinly disguised form of territorial annexation
d) the Middle East, where the Arabs had hoped for land and independent status
e) the majority of the mandates went to the UK and France, while the Italians received none

*Which of the following accurately describes the Teschen? (Hannah Wichmann)
(pg. 37)
a) an alliance between Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania to protect them from the territorial ambitions of Hungary
b) a strip of territory created in the Versailles settlement that divided Germany into two parts in order to give on of the newly created states access to the sea
c) an area of rich mineral resources claimed by both Poland and Czechoslovakia
d) the name given to the German and Soviet resolve to revise the territorial arrangements of the Treaty of Versailles
e) the venter of German heavy industry, occupied by France and Belgium in 1923

What was the Polish Corridor? (Kerry)
A - Territory forming part of the new Polish state
B - Land in Prague
C - Land in Budapest
D - Boundary of the Austrian Empire

Which of the following was the controversial 1917 decision by the British to support a national homeland security for the Jews in Palestine? (Maya)

A. Sikes-Picot Agreement
B. Balfour Declaration
C. Treaty of Rapallo
D. Fourteen Points

IV. Enforcement of the Terms of the Treaties (p.42-51)

• All of the following were agreed to in the London Naval Conference of 1930 except: (George)

  1. A ratio of capital ships between the US, the UK, and Japan at 5:5:3
  2. A continuation on the ban of building capital ships for the next five years
  3. Restrictions on submarine warfare
  4. restrictions on the size and number of cruisers, destroyers, and submarines each nation could possess

Which one of the following did not promote isolationism in the U.S.? (Matthew)
A. The Monroe Doctrine
B. Physical seperation from Europe
C. Ideas of George Washington
D. Desire to make “the world safe for democracy”

Which of the following were/was not ratified by the U.S. senate? (Matthew)
A. The Treaty of Versailles
B. The Anglo-American Guarantee
C. Both A and B (were not ratified)
D. Neither A nor B (were not ratified—they both were ratified)

The Washington Conference in 1921 was considered successful for which of the following reasons? (Matthew)
I. Its successes were long-lasting
II. The ratio of naval armament for the USA, UK, and Japan remained constant (5:5:3)
III. Resulted in the destruction of weapons
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. II only
D. I, II, and III

-Which of the following countries were not involved in the Four Power Agreement at the Washington Conference? (Kerry)
B - Japan
C - Italy
D - United Kingdom
E - France

The Nine Power Agreement, decided at the Washington Conference, guarnteed the Open Door trade policy. Which of the following threatened this trade policy? (Kerry)
A - The Four Power Agreement
B - Anglo-Japanese Alliance
C - Japanese expanding their territory
D - Limiting the size of navies
E - World War One

-Which one of the following nations was not involved in the formation of Little Entente? (Alexander Hoare)
(B) Yugoslavia
(C) Czechoslovakia
(D) Hungary
(E) Poland

  • The London Naval Conference took in _ and the aim was to ___ . (Deja)
  1. 1928; reduce German armament
  2. 1930; reduce the naval armament of major power
  3. 1931; revise naval responsibilities of Britain
  4. 1930; revise naval responsibilities of Japan

The United States had no desire to enforce the Treaty of Versailles because of her continued practice of isolationism. Which of these did not contribute to American isolationism? (Kristen)
a. Physical Separation from Europe
b. Manifest Destiny
c. Roosevelt Corollary
d. Monroe Doctrine

What was one of the main reasons that the United States refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles? (Kristen)
a. Article X in the Covenant of the League
b. The other countries did not accept Wilson’s League of Nations proposal
c. They did not like the boundaries drawn by the Treaty
d. They believed that they should acquire some territory in Europe as well.

The French desired the Anglo-American Guarantee because: (Alex T)
(A) They needed economic support to save their markets from crashing
(B) They feared a Soviet invasion
(C) They feared a German invasion
(D) They feared the spread of Bolshevik ideals
(E) They wanted to keep up with the West's constantly evolving technology

Which of the following was the most successful of the post-war disarmament conferences? (Kristen)
a. London Naval Treaty
b. Washington Naval Conference
c. Geneva Disarmament Conference
d. Potsdam Conference

What were the terms of the Washington Naval Conference? (Kristen)
i. constant ratio of naval armament for the USA, UK, and Japan of 5:5:3
ii. limited construction of naval bases in the Pacific
iii. the four-power agreement
iv. the nine-power agreement
a. i. and ii. only
b. i., ii., and iii. only
c. i. and iv. Only
d. i., ii., iii., and iv.

Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the Anglo-American Guarantee? (Lucy)
A. proposed after World War I
B. a promise made by United States and Britain
C. ratified by the United States Senate
D. signaled the return of the United State to the traditional policy of isolationism
E. guaranteed defense of France against German aggression

Which country benefitted the most from the Washington Conference (1921-1922)? (Lucy)
A. United Kingdom
B. Japan
C. France
D. China
E. United States

-Which country was not involved in the Anglo-American Guarantee? (Leah)
A. United States
B. Britain
C. Germany
D. Russia

-Which two countries walked out of the London Naval Conference? (Leah)
A. Italy and Japan
B. France and Germany
C. Britain and China
D. France and Italy

-What was the name of the article that stated that all members of the League of Nations would protect all other nations against aggression? (Leah)
A. Article Z
B. Article X
C. Article Y
D. Article A

-In what year did the Corfu incident occur? (Leah)
A. 1934
B. 1925
C. 1929
D. 1923

-What was the corner stone of the League of Nations? (Leah)
A. Monroe Doctrine
B. Treaty of Rapallo
C. Collective securtiy
D. the covenant

V. The League of Nations (p.52-59)

• Which was the first conflict that showed the League of Nation's failure to enforce peace? (George)

  1. The Greco-Bulgarian War of 1925
  2. The Ruhr Crisis of 1923
  3. Mussolini's invasion of Corfu in 1923
  4. The Russo-Polish War of 1919-1921

Why did the U.S. reject the Treaty of Versailles? (Jennifer Kim, p.55)
a) to keep the United States free from foreign involvement
b) to express opposition to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany
c) to avoid the dues for membership in the League of Nations
d) to reduce United States military forces in Europe

Which nation was in the League of Nations INITIALLY? (Alexander Hoare)
(A) Germany
(D) France
(E) China

Which country gained entrance to the League of Nations as a result of the Locarno Treaty? (Alexander Hoare)
(A) China
(B) Germany
(C) Japan
(D) Switzerland

A representative from which nation appealed to the League of Nations to intervene when Italy invaded their country? (Alexander Hoare)
(A) Greece
(B) Tanzania
(C) Ethiopia
(D) Sudan
(E) Sicily

Which of the following did NOT exemplify the League's inability to maintain peace? (Rebecca Purser)
A) Corfu Incident (1923)
B) Ruhr Invasion (1923)
C) Greco- Bulgarian War (1925)
D) Manchuria Incident (1931)
E) Russo-Polish War

What did the Covenant of the League add to the Treaty of Versailles? (Rebecca Purser)
a) any country that signed the treaty must help to deter aggression from fellow nations
b) any country that signed the treaty immediately became a part of the League of Nations (except Germany)
c) it lessened the harshness of German reparations so that Europe's economy could get back on its feet
d) it stated that all countries that signed the treaty had to recognize the new boundaries that were entailed in the League of Nations

Which nation rejected the proposal of the Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance in 1923? (Jennifer Kim, p.56)
a) Britain
b) France
c) The U.S.
d) Germany

VI. The Ruhr Crisis (p.60-65)

• Which of the following was not a result of the Ruhr Crisis of 1923? (George)

  1. Rampant inflation in Germany
  2. The Collapse of the Wiemar Republic
  3. The Treaty of Rapallo
  4. The Policy of Fulfillment

Which nations were involved in the Ruhr Crisis? (Allie)
A-France and Germany
B-Poland and Germany
C-The U.S. and the U.K.
D-Hungary and Romania
E-None of the above
(Pg 60)

After the Ruhr Crisis, the middle class in Germany was particularly upset because: (Alex T)
(A) They each had to pay personal reparations for the war
(B) They did not cooperate with the newly installed government
(C) The switch to their new currency voided their savings
(D) Hyperinflation rendered their savings useless
(E) The massive strikes meant they could not obtain all the goods they desired

What was the greatest crisis in Germany after the Ruhr Crisis? (Jennifer Kim, p.61)
a) Flooding of mines
b) Destruction of railroads and ships
c) Inflation
d) Lack of industrial workers due to the French invasion

•Mussolini wanted to conquer Abyssinia for all of the following reasons except: (Mahalia Ashraf)
(A) The resurgence of Hitler
(B) Mussoloni wanted to expand territory and Italy's sense of importance
(C) Abyssinia was the only Asian territory available
(D) It was conveniantly located next to two existing Italian colonies.

What document ended the Ruhr crisis between France and Germany? (Rebecca Purser)
a)The Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
b)The Dawes Plan
c)The Locarno Treaty (1925)
d)The Treaty of Rapallo (1922)

The key player in the solution to the Ruhr Crisis and the issue of reparation that caused the crisis was: (Rebecca Purser)
a) France
b) United States
c) England
d) Italy
e) Germany

The Locarno treaty included all of the following except (Kristen):
a. Germany accepted its western borders
b. Germany would pay all war reparations immediately
c. Germany joined the League of Nations
d. Germany would only seek to changer her eastern borders through peaceful negotiation

After the Locarno Treaty, Germany mainly desired to change its eastern borders with: (Alex T)
(A) Poland and France
(B) Poland and Czechoslovakia
(C) Czechoslovakia and Romania
(D) Belgium and France
(E) Poland and Austria

• Which of the following is considered the most important treaty in proposing a period of European detente during the interwar period? -p. 62 (Diem-Anh Vo)
a) the Anglo-American Agreement
b) the Rapallo Treaty
c) the Nine-Power Treaty
d) the Locarno Treaty
e) the Sykes-Picot Agreement

Which of the following is a policy introduced in Weimar Germany in support of German co-operation with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles in order to fain concession in the future from the Allied powers? (Lucy)
A. Locarno treaty
B. Open Door Policy
C. Policy of Fulfillment
D. Rapallo Treaty
E. Hoare-Laval Pact

Which were two main countries involved in the Ruhr Crisis?
A. Britain and France
B. China and Japan
c. France and German
D. Canada and Mexico
E. France and the United States

What was France trying to collect from Germany in the Ruhr Crisis?

The Great Depression (p. 66-67)

The Great Depression led to the collapse of: (Rebecca Purser)
a) US and European economies
b) International peace
c) public morale worldwide
d) all of the above

• What is considered the single greatest reason for the collapse of all previous efforts to develop international understanding and cooperation? -p. 67 (Diem-Anh Vo)
a) the Ruhr Crisis
b) the rise of Hitler
c) the unsuccessful Geneva Disarmament Conference of 1932-4
d) the Great Depression
e) the Japanese invasion of Manchuria

• The Great Depression was caused by all of the following except:(Mahalia Ashraf)
(A)weakened state of many nations after the first World War
(B)burden of war debts
(C)decreased trade from turmoil in Western Europe and the Middle East
(D)burden of government deficits

Which of the following is the single greatest reason for the collapse of internation peace after World War I? (Maya)
A. The United States' failure to join the League of Nations
B. The Ruhr Crisis
C. The Locarno Treaties
D. The Great Depression

What is Lebensraum? (Gabbie)
A-Hitler's plan to seize much needed resources from territories to aid Germany during the Great Depression.
B-Hitler's plan to encourage industry during the Depression.
C-Hitler's plan to buy and make armaments during the Depression
D-Hitler's plan to create a secret police force

So I am not sure what sections these go under. I will fix this tonight. Jesse Kirlin

1. Which of the following was not a member of the Little Entente?
a. Poland
b. Czechoslovakia
c. Yugoslavia
d. Romania
e. Hungary
2. Which nation was unintentionally left to uphold the principles of the League of Nations?
a. England
b. France
c. United States
d. Russia
e. Germany
3. “A Mandates” were…
a. Countries ready for independence in the near future
b. Less advanced nations
c. Essentially colonies
d. Independent nations
e. American values
4. Which of the following was the war guilt clause?
a. 222
b. 440
c. 231
d. 1
e. 12
5. John Maynard Keynes argued…
a. Germany got what they deserved
b. The Treaty was based on revenge
c. Germany should have been more harshly punished
d. Germany was made stronger
e. The Treaty was not sufficient in suppressing the spread of Bolshevism

Manchuria 1931-33 (pgs. 68-70)

What led Japan to withdraw from the League? (Jennifer Kim, p.70)
a) Other members of the League were reluctant to recognize Japan
b) The Lytton Commission Report suggested that China grant independence to Manchuria
c) The United Kingdom attacked Manchuria
d) The U.S. refused to trade with Japan

Which choice is false: Why did the United States fail to take a stronger position on the Japanese invasion? (Gabbie)
A-Did not support the Chinese Government
B-Was reverting back to isolationism
C-Economy was hurting due to the Great Depression
D-Had no convenient naval bases and lacked armed forces to take on any military expedition

What is the Open Door policy? (Gabbie)
A- Wilson's idea of lifting trade tariffs worldwide
B- Japan's exclusive commerce policy with China
C- Germany's exclusive commerce policy with China
D- American policy that supported equal access to trade within China

The 1930s policy in which the UK and France tried to avoid war with Germany by revising the Treaty of Versailles was known as: (Maya)
A. The Open Door Policy
B. Collective security
C. Appeasement
D. Economic sanctions

Abyssinia 1935-6 (pgs. 71-73)

The Hoare-Laval Pact was devised by which countries? (Jennifer Kim, p.73)
a) Italy and France
b) Britain and Italy
c) France and Britain
d) Italy and Germany

• Which of the following was not a motivation for Italy to invade Abyssinia in 1935? -p. 72 (Diem-Anh Vo)
a) a border skirmish in 1934 between Abyssinia and Italian Somaliland
b) Italian resentment of the Stresa Front
c) the fact that Italy could no longer play a significant role in Western or Central Europe
d) supposed oil deposits in the region
e) revenge for the Italian defeat at Adowa in 1896

Why was Abyssinia a convenient choice for Mussolini? (Gabbie)
A-Surrounded by extensive naval and trading ports
B-Located next to two existing Italian colonies
C-The Abyssinians wanted to become under the Italian sphere of influence
D-Abyssinia was locked in internal conflict, which would make it easy for Mussolini to take over

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Stresa Front? (Lucy)
A. signed by Britain
B. collapsed as a result of Abyssinia
C. rejected by Italy
D. supported the independence of Austria
E. signed by France

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