Key Terms (Chapters 29 and 31)

Chapter 31: Secton 2 Women Fight for Equality by Mahalia Ashraf, Rebecca Purser, and Christian Jones
Betty Friedan- Feminist writer who wrote The Feminine Mystique during the 1950s; first time the problem of women’s rights were addressed during the second wave of the movement.
Feminism- the belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men.
National Organization for Women- organization created in 1968 by Betty Friedan and 28 other women to pursue women’s goals.
Gloria Steinem- a feminist, journalist, political activist who helped found the National Women’s Political Caucus, a moderate group that encouraged women to seek political office.
Equal Rights Era- guaranteed that both men and women would enjoy the same rights and protections under law.
Phyllis Schafly- a Conservative. felt that the ERA would lead to "a parade of horribles," such as the drafting of women, the end of laws protecting homemakers, the end of a husband's responsibility to provide for his family, and same-sex marriages.

Latinos and Native Americans Seek Equality by Alexander Hoare

Cesar Chavez: A Mexican American farm worker who organized a union for Latino laborers in California.
Braceros: temporary laborers (many Latinos came to the USA on a temporary basis)
Barrios: Spanish speaking neighborhoods in the USACalifornia by Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta. Its purpose is to organize workers and fight for Latino worker’s rights.
La Raza Unida (The people United) : Independent Lation political movement. This Latin political movement ran candidates in 5 states and won races for mayor, won races on school boards, and won on city councils.
American Indian Movement (AIM): an often militant Native American organization that fought for Native rights and land

** Culture and Counterculture** by Jesse Kirlin

Counterculture—the disillusionment from the Vietnam War; against the society of the 1950s
Haight-Ashbury—“hippie capital” in San Francisco
The Beatles—if you don’t know who they are, you don’t deserve to live
Woodstock—three day “festival” of 400,000 people in New York. It was full of music, love, and drugs.

For more counterculture info please see
(Its about halfway down the page)

Chapter 29 Section 3
Deja Moss

de facto segregation-is a attitude toward and practice of segregation as a custom
de jure segregation-segregation by law an example are the Jim Crow Laws
Black Panthers-promoted self-sufficiency of African-American communities and fought police brutality in the ghettos
Black Power-coined by Carmichael meaning define your goals and lead your own organizations
Civil Rights Act of 1968-ended discrimination in housing
Affirmative action-is/was an attempt to hire and or enroll persons who have been discriminated against

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