Cold War: Competition and Coexistence, 1950-1962 Time Line

SHIFTING POWER BALANCES
(Deja, Nathan, Mahalia, Leah, Walker, Dylan)

  • 1950
    • Korean War started
    • In March Japanese industrial production began to increase almost 50%
    • In June Truman ordered US Seventh Fleet into Taiwan Strait in defense against PRC
    • In September US proposed re-arming Germany
    • US investment in Western Europe climbed from $1.7 to $21.5 billion.
  • 1951
    • In March Japanese industrial production continued to increase by 50%
    • In September US formed peace treaty with Japan to end hostility and restore Japanese sovereignty
    • US signed mutual security treaty with Philippines and a loose alliance with Australia and New Zealand
    • End if Marshall Plan
    • European Coal Steel Community formed
  • 1952
    • In the Spring the Soviet Union attempted to arm West Germany for unification and neutralization
  • 1953
    • In June strikes and riots began in East Germany due to political liberalization and inconsistent economic policies
    • US began to give economic assistance to S. Korea (ended in 1962)
    • World economy doubled (ended in 1963)
  • 1954
    • In the summer French parliament failed to approve the EDC
    • In September Chinese artillery began shelling the islands Jinmen and Mazu
    • Taiwan Strait Crisis began (ended in 1955)
  • 1955
    • In April Nikita Khrushchev agreed to help the PRC develop atomic weapons
    • In May the Federal Republic of Germany joined NATO
    • In September the Soviet Union recognized the Federal Republic and grant the Democratic control over its Foreign Affairs
    • US signed a security treaty with Taiwan
  • 1956
    • In February Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stallin and Stallinism in a secret speech
    • In the summer striking workers in Poland were put down by open fire
  • 1957
    • Treaty of Rome continued discussion of EEC
  • 1958
    • The PRC embarked on the Great Leap Forward
  • 1959
    • In August Khrushchev halted nuclear cooperation with PRC
    • China began brutal subjugation of Tibet
    • W. German social Democratic party renounced marxism
  • 1960
    • In July Khrushchev withdrew Soviet military and technical advisors from PRC
  • 1961
    • Military coup in S. Korea

Arms Race
(Isaac Ordway, Jake Hodges, Alex Terry, Jesse Kirlin, Alexz Craddock, Diem-Anh Vo)

1945-1949 U.S. Atomic monopoly
1949 USSR successfully tests first atomic weapon
1950's development and possibility of transcontinental warfare
1950-1953 US increases active troops by 1 million
1950-1955 USSR increses active troops from 2.8 million to 5.8 million
1953-1961 Eisenhower administration (US) encourages military mobilization
1953-1960 US increases warheads from 1000 to 18000
1953 March, Stalin dies
1954 successful testing of the Hydrogen Bomb (US)
1955 Nikita Khrushchev takes power in Russia
encourages demobilization, 3.6 million troops in 1960
1957 USSR launches Sputnik
1958 US to Russia intercontinental bomber ratio 22:1
1959 first US ICBM ready for launch
1961 1963 J.F. Kennedy administration
encourages armament
increases spending from 400 million to 5 billion in 1965
1961 US announces there is no missile gap
everywhere in the world can be reached by nuclear ICBM's
1961 USSR tests a 50 megaton Hydrogen Bomb

Crisis In Berlin
(Jake Hodges, Isaac Ordway, Jesse Kirlin, Alex Terry,Alexz Craddock, Diem-Anh Vo)

1958 November - Khrushchev proposes German peace treaty, recognizes 2 Germany's
Khrushchev makes ultimatum - calls for end of four power rule of Berlin, West Berlin would become a self run state
1959 Spring - Khrushchev visits U.S., withdraws his Ultimatum
May 1, 1960 Soviets shoot down U-2 spy plane, tensions rise between U.S. and Russia
1961 June - Khrushchev renews Berlin Ultimatum
July 4, 1961 Kennedy promises to not allow Soviets drive West out of Berlin.
August 13, 1961 Routes between East and West Berlin are closed
1962 October - Cuban Missile Crisis

The Third World
(Morgan Grain, Hannah Wichmann, Alexander Hoare, Rebecca Purser, Christian Jones)

1944 Guatemalan reformist government comes to power
1950s US sought to increase influence in Latin America
1950 Guatemalan free election - Jacobo Arbenz elected
Democratic Republic of Vietnam controlled the Southern part.
1954 Soviets sent arms to Guatemala
U.S forms SEATO
U.S supplies Pakistan with military assistance and Pakistan joins SEATO
U.S aid and almost 900,000 anti communist "allow" Diem to gain control
SEATO contained United States, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, and Phillipines.
U.S.paying for 80% of French effort.
1955 Bandung Conference of African and Asian states
1956 Suez Crisis
Morocco and Tunisia gain independence
1957 Ghana gains independence
1958 U.S intervention in Lebanon crisis
(July) Coup in Iraq
1961 Kruschev announces support of nat'l liberation
(April) Bay of Pigs in Cuba
1962 Algeria and other African countries gain independence

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