Paper 3

6. Assess the relative strengths of the North and the South at the beginning of the United States Civil War in 1861

Nic Ginn
Question 6
-There were many strengths that both the North and the South had at the beginning of the Civil War but it was clear that the North was just too powerful.

-Very large population, which gave them a bigger army.
-Bigger industry and business to produce the supplies needed for the war.
-Also, since they had a large population, there were more people available to work to produce these supplies.
-Very strong navy; they were able to set up blockades of ships to block off trade between the South and countries overseas.
-The Union had over half of the farmland, so there wasn’t a problem of food shortages.
-They had a better political leader in Abraham Lincoln.
-Union owned almost all of the factories and were able to make important materials like iron, coal, copper and sulfur.
- They also had a very large railroad system and abundant resources.

-The Confederacy didn’t have many strengths at this time but had enough will and determination to give the North a decent fight.
-They had the basic skills of survival such as hunting.
-They were also had very strong generals and military leaders who were experienced and knew what to do.
-Most of the battles were fought on the South’s land, which was a good thing at the time but was a disadvantage once the war was over because most of the land was destroyed with all of the fierce battles and fighting.

EMily Finley
Assess the relative strengths of the North and the South at the beginning of the United States Civil War in 1861.
1. Intro
a. 1861-1865, war between north and south over slavery, south wanted to secede
b. Each (north and south) had weaknesses and strengths that were unique
c. Ultimately the north won
d. While each had strengths and weaknesses that almost evened each other out, the south ultimately was hit harder causing them to lose the war
2. Strengths
a. North
i. Railroads
ii. Not fought on their land, little damage to the north
iii. Diversified economy
1. Industry
2. Wheat
iv. One of the bets political leaders Abraham Lincold
v. Advanced Navy
vi. Larger population
b. South
i. People fighting for their way of life
ii. Fought on their own territory (knew the land)
iii. Skilled in primitive weapon use and hunting
iv. Skilled in horseback riding
v. Had better military leaders because most were trained and born in the south
3. Weaknesses
a. North
i. Did not know the lay of the land as well as those who lived there
ii. Did not have the military leaders that the south had
iii. Were not fighting for their way of life and homes and those in the south were
b. South
i. Few roads
ii. People few and far
iii. Economy based almost soley on slavery, cash crops
iv. Cities completely devastated (ex. atlanta)
v. Less means to find food
vi. Depended greatly on the industry of the north
4. Conclusion

Paper 3
6. Assess the relative strengths of the North and the South at the beginning of the United States Civil War in 1861.

I. Introduction
• The Southern states seceded because Abraham Lincoln became president
• Abraham Lincoln being President meant the abolishment of slavery would be advocated.
• Slavery Issue

Thesis: The North and South strengths can be observed in their ability to wage war on each other, but the North's strength would override the South since they were not dependent on the support of a foreign nation in winning the Civil War.

II. North
• more people
• more industry - more weapons
• more food
• more railroads

III. South
• able military leaders
• motivated armies
• their belief that the British would help them since they depended on the South for cotton

IV. Conclusion
Although the North and South had their unique relative strengths, the diverse economy, large majority of people, and advanced technology allowed them to eventually become the victor of the Civil War under the leadership of the Union President Abraham Lincoln.

Nate Harmon
1) North
a) Large military
b) Extensive railroad system
c) Large industry
d) Big navy
2) South
a) Agriculture
b) Different railroad track width, northern trains could not ride on it
c) Slaves to do work while masters were fighting
d) Great military leaders
e) Fighting on own territory
f) Supplies got to troops faster
g) Orders were received faster
h) More determination to win
i) England on their side
j) Air warfare
k) Had forts to protect them


  • Strengths of the North
    • They had a very large population. This enabled them to have more people to go to war, more people to work the industry, more people to supply goods by farming them, and more reserves to send to the war effort.
    • The North had a much more skilled Navy. They were able to set up a blockade between the South and Europe.
    • They had 90% of the factories in America; they manufactured iron, coal, copper, and sulfur. They also had an efficient railway line that they could use to transport their vast amount of resources.
  • Strengths of the South
    • The South had much stronger military leaders.
    • They were fighting on their own territory, so they knew the land better.
    • They had more motivation because they were defending their land and they needed the slaves more than the North in order for their economy to thrive
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