Paper 3

5. For what reasons and, in what ways, did supporters of slavery in the nineteenth century use legal, religious, and economic arguments in its defense?

Nate Harmon
1) Introduction
a) Slavery during the pre civil war period was widely recognized and used in the south.
b) It was justified by legal, religious, and economic reasons,
2) Legal
a) Constitution
i) Article 1 Section 2, Clause 3, three fifths
ii) Article 4, Section 2, required that escaped slaves be returned to their owners
iii) Article 1, Section 9, Clause 1, forbade Congress from making slavery illegal
b) Fugitive Slave Law Act, February 12 1793
c) Slave Trade Act 1794
d) The Missouri Compromise Act., March 6, 1820
e) Kansas-Nebraska Act
f) Dred Scott v. Sandford
3) Religious: all are laws in the bible that are pro slaves. (read them its f**k*d up)
a) Leviticus 25:44-46 NLT
b) Exodus 21:2-6 NLT
c) Exodus 21:7-11 NLT
d) Exodus 21:20-21 NAB
e) Ephesians 6:5 NLT
f) 1 Timothy 6:1-2 NLT
g) Luke 12:47-48 NLT
4) Economic
a) Lots of cotton to be picked
b) Lots of agriculture to be done
c) Due to dark skin slaves were perfect for the job
d) White people lazy

Lesa K.
Paper 3: Question 5
•(Feb, 1793) Fugitive Slave Law
•(1794) Slave Trade Act
•(March, 1820) The Missouri Compromise
•Compromise of 1850
•(1854) Kansas-Nebraska Act
•Transcontinental Railroad
•Stephen Douglas – popular sovereignty
•Immigrant Aid Company
•Dred Scott v. Sandford
•Republican Party – sought to capitalize on the scandal of Bleeding Kansas
•Pottawatomie Massacre – John Brown murdered 5 pro-slavery farmers
•President James Buchanan sent the Lecompton Constitution to Congress for approval –Senate approved admission of Kansas but the measure was blocked in the US House of Representatives

Emily Johnson

Thesis: Because slavery was such a major institution and an integral part of Southern life during the nineteenth century, its proponents were loath to give it up, and thus supported its continuation with legal, economic, and religious arguments.

  • Legal
    • Constitution gives people the right to own property – inalienable right
    • Thus passed a number of laws securing this right and making sure slaves were recognized as the hallmark of the South
      • 3/5 Compromise (1787)
      • Fugitive Slave Law (1793)
      • Slave Trade Act (1794)
      • Missouri Compromise (1820)
      • Compromise of 1850
      • Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
  • Economic
    • Argued that slaves made up an integral part of Southern economy
      • Someone has to work and labor for the benefit of all
      • The economy would be crippled without slave labor and money from the cotton trade would dry up, destroying the South
    • Fear that if slaves were emancipated, they’d take over jobs, ruin the economy
  • Religious
    • The Bible sanctions slavery, so it’s ok
    • We are doing them a favor
      • Much better off here than back in Africa
      • We are civilizing the barbarians
      • “White Man’s Burden” idea
      • Teaching them valuable skills to be used later in life
    • Our moral duty as Christians to take the barbarians under our wing

Conclusion: Because slavery was such a deeply ingrained part of Southern life, the threat of it being taken away during the nineteenth century made them attempt to justify the institution through legal, religious, and economic arguments. However, the abolitionist movement continued to grow louder and louder, especially after publication of such books as Uncle Tom’s Cabin and trials such as Dred Scott v. Sanford, both of which highlighted the misery and unfairness that described slave life. Despite all attempts and arguments, slavery eventually was overturned after the Civil War and blacks began the long road to civil rights.

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