Topic 4: Peace and cooperation

20. Assess the successes and failures of governments in either Japan (1945-52) or the USA (1933-45)

- rejected Potsdam declaration as a result the atomic attacks begin

-1945 Japanese are allowed to form their government
-seizes Indochina
-Pearl Harbor
-Meiji constitution: MacArthur new constitution
Japanese are permitted to resolve issues as they wish
-recovered its sovereignty in 1952
-emperor orders Japan to surrender to allies 8/10/1945
Japanese agree only under one condition=emperor remains the nominal name of the state
-formal surrender ceremony 9/2/1945 on the US MISSOURI

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Large scale projects and changes in United States during this time
Ex. New deal, entering WWII, Good neighbor policy,
Years begin with election of Roosevelt

2) Good Neighbor policy- boom of interregional trade
International trade organization based on Latin America, western hemisphere
Caused many Latin American nations to support the allies in WWII
Change in United states foreign policy-before it was use force constantly, control southern hemisphere, Roosevelt felt you had to treat others with respect in order to foster good relations
Also another change in foreign policy granted Philippines independence, even though there was a civil war
3) New deal- helped during great depression
Stabilized economy
Gave hope to Americans during depression where unemployment peaked at 25%
Provided jobs through such measures as civilian conservation corps
Helped environment
Did no end depression, only entering WWII really did that
Many historians argue over whether it was a success or not
Did provide hope to Americans
4) Introduction on Keynesian economics, debt spending
Led to American debt
Stayed out of WWII for 3 years, kept itself out of destruction
However, was attacked at Pearl Harbor, many historians argue that america knew the attack was coming and failed to prepare itself

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