Topic 1: Causes, practices and effects of war

1. Compare and contrast the results of the First World War and the Second World War
David Walker
Question 1
I. Thesis: The results of both the First World War and the Second World War carried with it great consequences. There is tremendous destruction throughout Europe and empires are broken up, power struggles and fights for influence, and treaties and organizations created for the future. They contrast in that the main powers involved have changed and the areas of interest have changed.
II. Demise of Empires:
A. In WWI the empires that were broken up were Austria-Hungarian, Ottoman, Russia, and Germany.
B. There is tremendous destruction throughout Europe, especially Belgium and France.
C. In WWII the British and Japanese Empires are broken up and like WWI most of Europe is badly damaged and the Pacific islands are damaged severely as well.
D. The broken up empires left a power vacuum and new nations were created. Also the Allies took over areas that were controlled by the broken up empires.
III. Power and Influence:
A. Once the empires were dismantled, the victors in both WWI and WWII claimed the new lands or put in place new governments.
B. In WWI the Middle East and Middle and Eastern Europe were chopped up and given to the victors and in WWII Western Europe and Southeast Asia were chopped up.
C. In WWI England, France, Russia, and the U.S. were the ones chopping up nations and reorganizing boundaries (led to WWII) but after WWII it was mostly between the Soviet Union and the U.S. (led to Cold War)
IV. Treaties and Organizations:
A. To end WWI the Treaty of Versailles was signed which made Germany pay reparations for the war and take responsibility for it. They also had to disarm their military and give land away. This would lead to the rise and popularity of Hitler and WWII. Also the League of Nations was developed.
B. After WWII was over the “Big Three” developed terms and talked about what would happen once the war was over. The Potsdam Conference finalized terms discussed before the war was done.
C. NATO was created for the western powers and the Warsaw pact was developed by the Communist countries. League of Nations was re-named the United Nations.
V. Conclusion: Restate Thesis

Amy Nation

Thesis: During the 20th century, both World War I and World War II impacted the world drastically economically, socially, and foreign policy wise for all countries involved and even those that weren't. However, as the world developed between wars, technology was altered and situations differed, which in the end cause both wars to have both similar and different results.

Results of WWI
-Central Power's lost
-Germany, Austria- Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
-Wilson's 14 Points
-mainly addressed territorial issues
-freedom of seas
-reduced arms
-league of nations
-Treaty of Versailles
-all allied nations were present: France, Russia, Britain, Italy, U.S
-most coutries wanted revenge
-Big Four met: Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George (GB), Clemenceau (France), and Vittoria Orlando (Italy).
-Ended June 1919: Germany disarmed, stripped of colonies in Asia and Africa, forced to admit guilt, pay reparations to Great Britain and France
-Austria- Hungary and Russian territories taken by the Allies
-Independence to: Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Finland, and Lithuania
-New nations: Czech. and Yugoslavia
-League of Nations: ready to protect independence and territory of other nations

Results of WWII
- Axis powers lost
-Germany, Italy, Japan
- Potsdam and Yalta conferences
- Results: Creation of the United Natoins, US and Soviet Union as superpowers and spheres of influence, origins of the cold war
- United Nations: an international organization who focuses on cooperation in internation law, internation security, global economy, society, and human rights
- replaced the league of nations
- promote peace
- US and soviet union as superpowers and spheres of influence caused tension, which led to NATO and the warsaw pacts, which helped to initiate the cold war

Similarities
- led to further tensions among countries
- meetings to resolve conflicts
- led to the urgency for peace —> league of nations and united nations, countries wanted to find a way for peace

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